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Đầu tư Hàn Quốc vào VN: Trở ngại lớn nhất là thiếu thông tin
Đầu tư Hàn Quốc vào VN: Trở ngại lớn nhất là thiếu thông tin

Nhiều vướng mắc trong quá trình chuẩn bị đầu tư và kinh doanh tại VN đã được đại diện nhà đầu tư (NĐT) Hàn Quốc thẳng thắn trao đổi với các cơ quan chức năng VN, trong hội thảo được tổ chức ngày 14-12 tại Hà Nội. 

Nhiều vướng mắc trong quá trình chuẩn bị đầu tư tại VN đã được đại diện nhà đầu tư (NĐT) Hàn Quốc thẳng thắn trao đổi với các cơ quan chức năng VN, trong hội thảo được tổ chức ngày 14-12 tại Hà Nội.

 

Đầu tư Hàn Quốc vào VN: Trở ngại lớn nhất là thiếu 
thông tin
Cầu Tân An trên đường cao tốc TP.HCM - Trung Lương đang được xây dựng  Ảnh: Đức Thành
Tính đến nay, Hàn Quốc đang giữ vị trí số 1 trong số hơn 80 quốc gia và vùng lãnh thổ đầu tư vào VN, với gần 1.800 dự án, tổng vốn đăng ký 12,7 tỉ USD, vốn thực hiện 2,8 tỉ USD.

Thiếu thông tin gây nhiều khó khăn

Theo ông Kim Won Ho,  Trung tâm Hỗ trợ doanh nghiệp Hàn Quốc (KOTRA), kết quả điều tra mới nhất của tổ chức này cho thấy có tới 34,6% số doanh nghiệp Hàn Quốc được khảo sát gặp khó khăn lớn khi chuẩn bị đầu tư do thiếu thông tin. Vấn đề ngôn ngữ cũng là một trở ngại khác (18,9%). 12,2% doanh nghiệp (DN) muốn có được những chính sách ưu đãi đầu tư hấp dẫn hơn.

Đặc biệt, nhiều DN phàn nàn về thái độ làm việc của công chức nhà nước ở các tỉnh và “bật mí” rằng “chi phí quan hệ” của họ chiếm một phần không nhỏ trong chi phí của DN, cả trong quá trình chuẩn bị đầu tư lẫn hoạt động sản xuất kinh doanh.

Thủ tục và chi phí đền bù giải phóng mặt bằng (GPMB) cũng khiến các DN Hàn Quốc ngần ngại, vì vậy thời hạn thuê đất 50 năm như hiện nay dường như chưa đủ hấp dẫn; nhiều DN quan tâm đến điều kiện gia hạn thuê đất cũng như tiền thuế đất trong thời gian gia hạn thêm.

Cũng liên quan đến lĩnh vực đất đai, ông Cho Gun Hwan, giám đốc Hiệp hội Các doanh nghiệp Hàn Quốc tại VN (Korcham) nêu trường hợp của hai DN Hàn Quốc (ông này tránh không nêu cụ thể tên DN – P.V).

Một DN không thể hoàn tất kịp thời thủ tục đăng ký quyền sử dụng đất (QSDĐ) nên đã không thể vay tiền, đành bỏ dở dự án chỉ vì người sử dụng đất trước đó (một công ty VN) chưa thực hiện xong các nghĩa vụ với Nhà nước.

DN kia ký kết hợp đồng về giao QSDĐ và thực hiện thủ tục xin cấp giấy phép đầu tư từ tháng 9-2006; nhưng đến nay (giữa tháng 12-2009) vẫn chưa đăng ký được QSDĐ!

Sau những khó khăn khi chuẩn bị đầu tư, các DN vẫn tiếp tục phải vượt qua nhiều “cửa ải” khác là cơ sở hạ tầng (25,4%); xuất nhập khẩu nguyên liệu (19,4%); thủ tục hành chính (17,2%) và thông lệ thương mại (13,8%).

Trong khi công nhận rằng VN đã nỗ lực xây dựng các khu công nghiệp (KCN) để tạo điều kiện về mặt bằng sản xuất cho các NĐT, ông Park Keun Hyung - đại diện KOTRA, cho biết tiền thuê đất tại các KCN gần Hà Nội tăng đến 60% so với đầu năm 2009, lên tới 42 - 45 USD/m2/năm.

Một số điều chỉnh về mức thuế nhập khẩu (theo đó có một số loại phụ tùng chưa sản xuất được tại VN bị áp thuế tới 30%) cũng bị NĐT coi là chưa thỏa đáng.

Bên cạnh đó, DN còn phải đối diện với tình trạng vi phạm quyền sở hữu trí tuệ, làm hàng giả; những khó khăn khi chuyển đổi từ ngoại tệ sang tiền đồng và chi phí sản xuất tăng (do chính sách tăng lương tối thiểu, tăng tiền thuê đất)...

Chi phí sản xuất năm 2009 tăng khoảng 1%

Giải thích với NĐT, ông Nguyễn Xuân Trung, phó cục trưởng Cục Đầu tư nước ngoài (Bộ Kế hoạch - đầu tư) đã làm rõ nhiều điểm trong Luật đầu tư (chung) với mục đích tạo ra sự bình đẳng trong môi trường kinh doanh giữa các DN trong nước và các NĐT nước ngoài.

Về lo ngại của NĐT liên quan đến sự gia tăng chi phí sản xuất trong năm 2009, theo đại diện Bộ LĐ-TB&XH, khi đưa ra phương án tăng lương tối thiểu, cơ quan chức năng đã cân nhắc kỹ nhiều yếu tố và với mức tăng 15%-20% (bắt đầu áp dụng từ 1-1-2009), chi phí sản xuất của các DN FDI sẽ chỉ tăng khoảng 1%, cơ bản không làm ảnh hưởng đến môi trường đầu tư.

“So với các nước, mức lương tối thiểu của người lao động làm việc trong các DN FDI của VN hiện nay vẫn vào loại thấp nhất trong khu vực, chỉ xếp trên Lào và Campuchia”- quan chức này nhấn mạnh. Vả lại, tăng lương cho người lao động để thu hút và giữ chân lao động có tay nghề cao đang là biện pháp được rất nhiều NĐT tự nguyện áp dụng.

Về thuế nhập khẩu, đại diện Bộ Tài chính cho biết sẽ xem xét từng nhóm phụ tùng và linh kiện cụ thể. Các bộ ngành có liên quan đều thống nhất coi việc tăng cường kiểm soát thực hiện bảo vệ quyền sở hữu trí tuệ và tiếp tục đẩy mạnh cải cách hành chính là những nhiệm vụ quan trọng của VN trong thời gian tới, nhằm bảo đảm một môi trường đầu tư kinh doanh thuận lợi, có sức hút lớn.

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Repairing                                                   lectronic Measuring nstrument Rental Service                                                  Electronic Media Advertising                                                                   Electronic Research & evelopment                                                              lectronic Trainers                                                                              Electroplating Service                          Elevating Work Platform Rental Service                                                        levator Contractors                                                                                                levator Repair Service                                                                          Embroidery Service                                                                             Employment Agencies                                                                           mployment Contractors                                                                         ngineering Contractors - General                                                                Engineering Inspection Service                                                                  ngineering Services                                                                             ngineering Works                                                                               Engraving Service                                                                               Engraving Supplies                                                                              ntertainment Bureaus                                                                           nthalpy heel                                                                                    Entrepreneur Dev                                                                                Envelopes - Manufacturers                                                                      nvironmental Consultants                                                                                                nvironmental Engineers                                                                         Environmental Simulators                                                                      Event                                                                                           Event anagement                                                                                Executive earch                                                                                 Executive Search Consultants                                                                    Exhibition & Trade Fair Booth nstallation Contractors                                                                                                xhibition & Trade Fair Display Fixtures                                                        Exhibition & Trade Fair Organisers                                                             xhibition Freight Forwarding ervice                                                             Exhibition Halls                                                                                Facsimile Communication Equipment Rental ervice                                                                                             Factory, Utility - ables                                                                        Feng Shui Consultant                                                                                                Film Production Service                                                                        Finance                                                                                         inancial Accounting                                                                             inancing                                                                                        Financing Consultants                                                                           Fine Blanking Service                                                                           Fire rotection Consultants                                                                      Fire rotection Contractors                                                                      Fire Protection Engineers                                                                       Floor Cleaning, axing & Polishing Service                                                      Floor aying, Refinishing & Resurfacing                                                         Food & Beverage Consultants                                                                    ood Processing & Packaging Service                                                             orklift Rental Service                                                                          Forklift Repair Service                                                                                                Forklifts - anufacturers                                                                        Foundation Engineers                                                                            ranchise Consultants                                                                            Fruits & Vegetables - Wholesaler                                                              alvanizing Service                                                                              Garment anufacturers' Supplies                                                                  Gas & Oil Engineers                                                                            Gas Companies                                                                                  as Pipe Contractors                                                                             Gears  ear Cutting Service                                                                      Generating Set Rental Service                                                                   Generating Set epair Service                                                                    Generator epair ervice                                                                          Geophysical Surveyors                                                                           Geophysicists                                                                                                eotechnical ngineers                                                                            Giftwares - Whsle & frs                                                                       Glass Contractors                                                                               Glass Cutting Service                                                                           Golf ourse ontractors                                                                           Graphic Art Film                                                                               raphic Computer Cards                                                                          Graphic Design Service                                                                          Graphic esigners                                                                                Graphic Materials & Supplies                                                                  raphic Plotters                                                                                 Grease - Distributors & Manufacturers                                                         rease - Stockists & Dealers                                                                    eadphones  gents & Distributors                                                                Heat Exchanger Cleaning Service                                                                                         eat Exchanger Repair Service                                                                    Helicopter harter & Rental Service                                                             Helicopter Charter, Rental & easing Service                                                    Helium Gas - Distributors                                                                      elium Gas - Manufacturers                                                                     High Pressure Water lasting Equipment Rental Service                                                                                          High Pressure ter Cleaning Equipment Rental Service                                                                       Hose - anufacturers                                                                             Hotel & Motel Consultants                                                                     Hotel & otel quipment & Supplies                                                             Hotel & Motel anagement Service                                                              Hotel Cardlocking Systems                                                                      House leaning Service                                                                           Household Vacuum leaners                                                                       Housing Agents                                                                                  Human Resource                                                                                 ydraulic Engineers                                                                              Hydrogen Gas - istributors                                                                      Hydrogen Gas - Manufacturers                                                                   Hydrographic urveyors                                                                           Hydrojetting Equipment ental ervice                                                            Hydrojetting Service                                                                                                Ice Cream Manufacturers' quipment                                                             Import & Export                                                                               Import  xport Horticulture                                                                     Import & Export Livestock                                                                     Importers  porters                                                                             Inductors - Agents & Distributors                                                              nductors - Manufacturers                                                                       Industrial Alignment Service                                                                   ndustrial Balancing Service                                                                     Industrial onsultants                                                                           Industrial Designers                                                                            Industrial Engineers                                                                            ndustrial Paint Spraying Service                                                                ndustrial Spray Painting Service                                                                Information Bureaus                                                                                                nsecticides                                                                                     Inspection Bureaus                                                                              nspection Devices                                                                               Instant Noodles - Manufacturers                                                                nstant Printing Service                                                                         Instrument alibration Service                                                                  Instrumentation Consultants                                                                    nstrumentation Contractors                                                                     Insurance Brokers                                                                               nsurance Consultants                                                                            Integrators                                                                                     nterior Decorators & Designers                                                                 Interior Design                                                                                 nternational Trade & Industry Malaysia                                                        nternational Trading                                                                                                Internet Map                                                                                   Interpretation                                                                                  nvestigation Service                                                                            Investment ompanies                                                                           Iso Certication Company                                                                        Iso Certification                                                                               anitor Service                                                                                  Janitors' Supplies                                                                               ewellery Manufacturers' Equipment & Supplies                                                  Jewellery oulds - Manufacturers                                                                Kastam & Eksais                                                                               aya - Manufacturers                                                                            Laboratories Engineers                                                                          aboratory Equipment & Supplies Rental Service                                                                                                 abour Contractors                                                                               Labour Saving Devices                                                                           aminating Service                                                                              Land Surveyors                                                                                  andscape Architects                                                                             Landscape Contractors                                                                           andscape Contractors & Designers                                                               Landscape esigners                                                                                                Laser Discs - Agents & Distributors                                                            aser Discs - Manufacturers                                                                     Laser Printing  ngraving Service                                                                Laundry Consultants                                                                             Laundry ervice                                                                                  Lawn Mower Cutting Blades - anufacturers                                                       Leasing Companies                                                                              Legal Case anagement System                                                                   Legal Translations                                                                              etter Addressing Service                                                                        Lift Contractors                                                                                ighterage Contractors                                                                           Lighting Consultants                                                                            imousine Service                                                                               Liquified Nitrogen - Distributors                                                                                    iquified Nitrogen - Manufacturers                                                              Liquified xygen - Manufacturers                Livestock Services                                                                              Lng/lpg anker Gas Purging Service                                                               Loans                                                                                           Local Area etwork Service                                                                       Local Job Placement                                                                            og oaders                                                                                                Logistics Support Companies & Facilities                                                      orry Transport Service                                                                          Lorry-mounted rane ental Service                                                               Lubricating Oils - Distributors & Manufacturers                                                                                               ubricating Oils - Stockists & Dealers                                                          achine Tool Repairing & Rebuilding Service                                                     Machinery ebuilding  epairing Service                                                                                Machinery ental ervice                                                                         Machining Centres                                                                              Maid & Butler Service                                                                         Mail ddress Service                                                                            Mail Dropping ervice                                                                           ailing Lists                                                                                    Maintenance Engineering                                                                        Maintenance ngineers                                                                           Malt Food Drinks Manufacturers                                                                anagement                                                                                      Management Consultants                                                                        anagement Training                                                                             Manpower Agencies & ontractors                                                                Manpower Recruitment                                                                          Manufacturing omputer Software                                                                                        Mapping Service                                                                                Marble & Stone leaning Supplies                                                               Marble Contractors                                                                             arble Cutting Service                                                                           Marble Polishing Service                                                                       arine Air onditioning Contractors                                                               Marine alancing  lignment Service                                                             Marine Bunkering Service                                                                       arine Consultants                                                                               Marine Contractors                                                                             Marine lectrical Contractors                                                                   Marine Engineering ervice                                                                      Marine Engineers                                                                               Marine Repair Service                                                                          arket Research & Analysis                                                                                                arketing Consultants                                                                            Mattress Manufacturers' Equipment & Supplies                                                                                                 echanical Contractors                                                                           echanical Counters                                                                              Mechanical Engineers                                                                           Medical Gas - anufacturers                                                                     Medical Service rganizations                                                                                    Merchandising & Marketing Consultants                                                        Merchant anks                                                                                  Metal Bending Service                                                                          etal Cutting Service                                                                            Metal Heat Treatment Service                                                                  Metal njection Moulding Service                                                               Metal achining Service                                                                         Metal Polishing Service                                                                        Metal Punching vice                                                                            etal Rolling & Forming ervice                                                                 Metal Shearing Machines                                                                       Metal Shearing Service                                                                         Metal Slitting ervice                                                                          Metal pecialties                                                                               Metal Spraying Service                                                                                                Metal Stamping Service                                                                        Metal Tumbling ervice                                                                         etallizing Service                                                                              Meter Calibration & Repair Service                                                            Meter Calibration Service                                                                      icrofiche Service                                                                               icrofilming Service                                                                            Military Aircraft Dealers                                                                      Military Equipment & Supplies                                                                ilitary Equipment - anufacturers                                                               Mirror Manufacturers' Supplies                                                                 Mobile Shredding Service                                                                       odelling                                                                                        Mopping, Janitorial - Trolleys                                                                 Mortgage                                                                                                Motion Picture Equipment & Supplies Rental ervice                                                                                            Motion Picture Producers & Studios                                                            otorcar Accident Claim Service                                                                 Motorcar reakdown ervice                                                                       Motorcar Electric Service                                                                      Motorcar nspection Centres                                                                     Motorcar Painting Service                                                                                                otorcar Rental & Leasing Service                                                               Motorcar Rust roofing Service                                                                  Motorcar Towing Service                                                                        torcars  ealers - New                                                                           Motorcars - Dealers - Used                                                                     over & Storage Service                                                                         Musical Instruments - holesalers & Manufacturers                                                                                                Naval Architects                                                                                avigation Solution                                                                              Navigational Buoys                                                                              etfinity                                                                                        Network Consultancy                                                                             Noise Control onsultants                                                                        Oceanographers                                                                                  Office Automation ystems                                                                      Office Cleaning Service                                                                         Office urniture & Equipment Rental Service                                                    Office Partition pen lan System                                                                Office Renovation ontractors                                                                    ffset Plate-making Service                                                                     Offshore Banks                                                                                  Oil unkering Service                                                                                                Oil Companies' Supplies                                                                         Oil onsultants                                                                                  Oil Cooler Repair Service                                                                       Oil rilling Contractors                                                                         Oil Exploration Equipment & upplies                                                           Oil Exploration Marine Services                                                                Oil ield Service                                                                                Oil Recovery Systems                                                                           Oil Trading rinciples                                                                           Oil Well Drilling Service                                                                      Oil Well uipment & Supplies - Renting                                                        Oil Well Services                                                                              pen Plan System Partitions                                                                     Operable & elocatable Wall Partitions                                                         Optical Goods                                                                                                Ordnance ngineers                                                                               Organs - Agents & Distributors                                                                 utdoor Advertising                                                                              Overseas Job Placement                                                                         xygen Gas - Distributors                                                                        Oxygen Gas - anufacturers                                                                       Oyster Sauce - Manufacturers                                                                   Package esign & Development Service                                                           Packaging ervice                                                                                Packaging Systems                                                                              Packing & Crating ervice                                                                       ackings                                                                                         Paging Service                                                                                  ainting ontractors                                                                              Paints - Dealers                                                                                                Palladium Electroplating ervice                                                                Palladium Nickel Electroplating ervice                                                         Pallet Pooling Rental Service                                                                   Pallet Truck Repair ervice                                                                      Paper Distributors                                                                              Paper anufacturers                                                                              Paper Napkins                                                                                   Parking Attendant ervice                                                                        arking Consultants                                                                              Paving ontractors                                                                               Peanut Butter - Manufacturers                                                                  Penstocks                                                                                       erfume anufacturers' Equipment & upplies                                                      ersonnel Consultants                                                                            Pest Control Service                                                                                                Pet Shop upplies                                                                                Petroleum Engineers                                                                            Petroleum roducts - Stockists & Dealers                                                       Photocopying Machine ental Service                                                             Photocopying Service                                                                            hotocopying Supplies                                                                            Photographic Cameras - Agents & istributors                                                   Photographic Cameras - anufacturers                                                            Photographic Colour Prints & Transparencies                                                    hotographic Film - anufacturersPhotography                                                     Piling Contractors                                                                              Pipe Bending & Fabricating ervice                                                              Pipe Cleaning ervice                                                                            Pipe Fittings - Manufacturers                                                                  Pipe Line Contractors                                                                                                Pipe ine Inspection Service                                                                     ipeline Inspection Service                                                                      Piping Contractors                                                                              Plan Binding ervice                                                                             lan Drawing Service                                                                             lan Printing & Copying Service                                                                 Plan Printing Service                                                                           Plan, Drawing - inding Service                                                                  Planning onsultants                                                                             Plant Rental Service                                                                            Plasma Spraying Service                                                                        lastering Contractors                                                                           Plastic leaning Services                                                                        Plastic Coating Service                                                                         Plating Service                                                                                                lumbing Contractors                                                                            Pneumatic ocument Conveying Systems                                                          Polishing Wheels                                                                               Port uthorities & Representatives                                                              Portland hite Cement - Dealers                                                                 Poultry - Whsle                                                                                Precision achining Service                                                                      Presentation Graphics                                                                           rinted Circuit Board Design Service                                                             Printed Circuit oard Manufacturing Materials                                                  Printed Circuit Board anufacturing Supplies                                                     Printed Circuit Board ub-ssembly Service                                                       Printing Cylinder Repair Service                                                                rinting Film-making Service                                                                   Printing Plate-aking Service                                                                                                Printing Service                                                                                Printing Service - ook, Catalogue, Stationery                                                   Printing upplies                                                                                rivate Detectives                                                                               Process Engineers                                                                               rocurement ervices                                                                             Product Certification                                                                           rofessional Weightloss Sys                                                                     Programmers                                                                                   Project anagement Engineers                                                                    Projection ystem                                                                               Propane Gas - Distributors                                                                      Propeller Repair Service                                                                        roperty & Finance                                                                              roperty evelopers                                                                                                Property Maintenance Service                                                                   Property Management                                                                           ublic Relation Counsellors                                                                      ublishers' Representatives                                                                       Pump Rental Service                                                                            Pump Repair ervice                                                                             Pumping Contractors                                                                            umps - Manufacturers                                                                          Purchasing Consultants                                                                          Quality ystem Certification                                                                    Quantity Surveyors                                                                              R & D Instituition                                                                             Radiator Repair Service                         Radio assette Recorders - Manufacturers        Radios - Manufacturers                                                                         Reach Truck Repair Service                                                                                                Real state gents                                                                                Real state evelopers                                                                            Real Estate Management                                                                        Real Estate Projects                                                                            Record anagement Service                                                                       efrigerating Equipment Repair Service                                                          Refrigeration Compressor Repair Service                                                        frigeration ontractors                                                                          Renovation Contractors                                                                          Rental Service                                                                                  Repair Service                                                                                  epresentative ffices Banks                                                                      Restricted Banks                                                                                Retail                                                                                          Retail Computer Software                                                                                                Road ilding ntractors                                                                           oad Roller Rental Service                                                                       Road Sweepers                                                                                   Road Transport Dept                                                                             Road, Street eaning quipment                                                                   oll Forming Service                                                                            Roofing Contractors                                                                             Roofing Equipment & Supplies                                                                  otogravure rinting ervice                                                                       Rubbish Removal Service                                                                        Rust Proofing Service                                                                           Safety Consultants                                                                              ales Training                                                                                   alted Soya Beans - Manufacturers                                                               Sandblasting Contractors                                                                                                Sanitary Contractors                                                                            anitation ervice                                                                                Saw Sharpening & Repair Service                                                                Sawblade Welding Service                                                                       Sawmill ervices                                                                                affolding Rental & Erection Service                                                            Scales - Manufacturers                                                                         Scales - Rental Service                                                                         Scales  pair Service                                                                            School Bus Transportation Service                                                               Scientific Apparatus & Instrument Rental Service                                                                                              ientific Apparatus & Instrument Repair Service                                                                                                Scientific Apparatus & Instruments - Manufacturers & olesalers                                                                              Scientific Translations                                                                         Screen Display Systems                                                                         Secretarial Services                                                                            ecurity nsultants                                                                               Security Printing Service                                                                       Seminar Organisers                                                                             Sequential Event Recorders                      questering Agents                                                                               Serviced Offices                                                                                Sesame Oils - Manufacturers                                                                   Sewer Cleaning & Clearing rvice                                                                Sharpening Service                              Sheetmetal Bending Service                                                                     Sheetmetal Cutting Service                                                                     eetmetal Specialties                                                                           Ship Builders & Repairers                                                                      Ship Cleaning Service                                                                           Ship Painting ontractors                                                                        hipping                                                                                         Shirts - Manufacturers & Wholesalers                                                         Shoe Manufacturers' Supplies                                                                    Shoes - anufacturers & Wholesalers                                                            Shoes' Materials & Supplies                                                                    Silk Screen Printing Service                                                                                                Silk creen Printing Supplies                                                                    ilo Cleaning Services                                                                           Singapore Transportation Service - Malaysia Lorry                                                                                              mart Card Manufacturers                                                                       mart Home                                                                                     Soft Drinks - Manufacturers                                                                    Soil Stabilization Service                                                                                                oil Testing Service                                                                             Soil Treatment Service                         Sond System & Equipment Rental Service                                                       Sound-rerecorded Tapes - Mfrs & Whsle                                                        ound-nrecorded Tapes - Mfrs & Whsle                                                          Soundproof Rooms                                                                               ourcing Services                                                                                Spray Painting & inishing Service                                                                                         Spraying Equipment Repair Service                                                              tacker pair Service                                                                             Stainless Steel utting Service                                                                  Stationery - Manufacturer                                                                      Stationery - Retail                                                                             tionery - Wholesaler                                                                           teel - Distributors & Manufacturers                                                           Steel - Stockists & Dealers                                                                    Steel Bar ending & Cutting Service                                                             terilizing Service                                                                              Stevedoring Contractors                                                                         Stock Photographs                                                                               tructural Engineers                                                                             Stud ink Anchor Chains - Distributors & Manufacturers                                                                                         Stud Link Anchor Chains  ockists & Dealers                                                     tud Welding Service                                                                            Studio Lighting & Design                                                                       Sugar Brokers & olesalers                                                                      rveying nstrument Repair Service                                                               Swimming Pool Consultants                                                                     Swimming Pool Contractors                                                                     wimming ool Equipment & Supplies                                                                                        Swimming Pool Maintenance Service                                                            Tailors' Trimmings & pplies                                                                   ank Cleaning Service                                                                            Tank Sterilization Service                                                                      Tanker Transportation Service                                                                   echnical Manual reparation                                                                     Technical Training                                                                              Technical Translations                                                                          Technology velopment                                                                           elecommunication Companies                                                                   Telephone Answering Service                                                                     Telephone Cable ontractors                                                                      elephone Cleaning Service                                                                       Telephone Wiring Contractors                                                                   Television Dealers - tail                                                                                                ent Rental Service                                                                              Tents                                                                                           Termite Control Service                                                                        Textile - Mfrs & Whsle                                                                       Textile erchants                                                                                hermal Spray Coating Service                                                                   Tin Electroplating Service                                                                      Toilet lushing Systems                                                                         Toilet Hygiene ervice                                                                           Toiletries - Mfrs & Whsle                                                                    Tomato Ketchup - Manufacturers                                                                Tool & Die Design Service                                                                      ool & Die Makers' Supplies                                                                     Toys - Mfrs                                                                                    Toys - Retailers                                                                                                Toys - Whsle                                                                                   Tracing Paper                                                                                   ractor Hooks                                                                                    Tractor Rental Service                                                                          Tractor Repair Service                                                                          Tractors - Dealers                                                                              actors  Distributors & Manufacturers